THE IMPORTANCE OF FOOT POSITION IN POSTURE, TRAUMAS, JOINT, SPINE AND MUSCLE PAIN
A “correct” foot position is essential in order to have an optimal joint, pelvis and spine alignment.
Mainly because of genetic factors, as soon as a child starts standing, his feet begin to support the weight of the body and they tend to end up in three incorrect positions:
- supination ( weight placed on the outside ) both feet
- pronation ( weight placed on the inward) both feet
- One foot in supination and one in pronation
In addition to that, as you can see in the picture, the foot can be hollow or flat.
Sometimes it's said that some children have flat feet when in reality they are in pronation with the weight excessively inward.
An incorrect and asymmetric foot position can cause an excessive load on the heel causing the following traumas:
- heel inflammation
- hip and knee arthrosis
- meniscus lesion
- cartilage lesion
- Achilles tendinitis
- heel spurs
- plantar fasciitis
- metatarsal pain
- Morton's neuroma
- cervical pain
- muscle contraction
- muscular sprain
- it can also cause excessive load on the first metatarsal that may lead to hallux valgus
Foot position is what causes the overload on the tibial plateau, with pressure on the meniscus, the joints and the knee-pan, overloading the cruciform ligaments, collateral ligaments, iliotibial tract and the gluteus.
EFFECT ON CHEWING
Foot position can create an excessive load on one side of the body therefore causing a repositioning of the chewing axis.
EFFECT ON RUNNING
When we run with an incorrect foot position an imbalance of the right and left side occurs, this can causes the disorders listed above because the push of both feet will be different.
It would be like driving a car with a damaged shock absorber and a flat tyre, it would not go straight.