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Otolaryngology

FREE MEDICAL EVALUATION

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FREE MEDICAL EVALUATION

OTOLARYNGOLOGY

Otolaryngology  is a subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat  and related structures of the head and neck.

In fact the word Otolaryngology comes from  the greek terms meaning: ear (“oto”), nose (“rino”), larynge (“laringo”) and doctor (“iatra”)

Otolaryngology includes further specializations, as neck and head oncology, facial reconstruction surgery, allergy treatments.

An otolaryngologist visit does not  require sedation except  for special cases.

 

MOST RECURRING SYMPTOMS

An otolaryngology visit  is recommended in case of tinnitus, hearing problems, clogged ears and  nose and also in case of feeling of disorientation, balance problems, dizziness, constant throat pain, feeling  of having something stuck in the throat, constant hoarseness.

Regular visits are recommended to those who already had an otolaryngology problem and symptoms didn’t completely disappear.

Here is a more exhaustive list of symptoms:

  • persisting hoarseness
  • night apnea
  • difficulty breathing
  • persistent pain in the throat
  • lightheadness
  • throat ache
  • stuffy nose
  • clogged ear
  • hearing loss
  • nose bleeding
  • balance problems
  • hearing problems
  • tinnitus
  • snoring
  • runny nose
  • feeling of having something stuck in the throat
  • disorientation
  • dizziness

 

MOST RECURRING DISEASES

Here is a list of the most recurring diseases in the Otolaryngology field:

  • tinnitus
  • adenoiditis (adenoid inflammation)
  • allergies
  • palate anomalies
  • salivary stones (formation of stones in the salivary glands)
  • laryngeal stenosis (larynx  narrowing)
  • fibropapilloma
  • turbinate hypertrophy (chronic swelling of the respiratory mucus)
  • labyrinthitis  (inflammation of the internal  ear canal)
  • laryngitis
  • nose and nasal septum deformation
  • lumps
  • otitis
  • otoclerosis ( abnormal growth of bone in the years)
  • Otolithiasis and Cupulolithiasis (dizziness caused by the detachment of calcium crystals in the year)
  • Vocal cord paralysis
  • Cervical facial and nasal pathologies
  • Nasal polyps (benign tumor that develops in the nose or the  sinuses)
  • Rhinitis (running nose due to mucus inflammation)
  • Sialadenitis ( inflammation of the salivary glands)
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Deafness
  • Head and neck tumors
  • Tonsilitis (tonsil inflammation )

MEDICAL VISIT WITH AN OTOLARYNGOLOGY SPECIALIST:

the visit starts with the anamnesis of the patient in order to collect information on his clinical history  through questions.

The patient will be asked what his symptoms are, what kind of work he does, his living habits (if he smokes or drinks alcohol) if he has systemic or local  diseases that could be associated with his condition   and  if he is on medication.

Then the Doctor will examine the patient:

  • observation of the tympanum membrane and the ear canal with the support of otoscope
  • exploration of the internal part of the nose (rhinoscopy)
  • neck palpation to check if there aren’t any masses or suspect swelling
  • examination of the oral cavity through laryngoscopy. It exists two types of laryngoscopy, in our Center we only use the indirect type, utilizing a  laryngeal mirror and a light.

In addition to the Specialist Otolaryngology visit which implies no risks, it is possible to investigate further with the help of the vestibular examination

 

AMBULATORY  OTOLARYNGOLOGY TREATMENTS

A vestibular test can be carried out in case of dizziness and deafness to check if the ear, normally responsible  for orientation and balance, is damaged.

The vestibular examination mainly focuses on the control of the two most used reflexes:

  • the vestibulo-ocular reflex in charge of eye movement muscles
  • the vestibulo-spinal reflex involved in the activity of the chest and the limbs  muscles needed to walk and stand

The Doctor carries out the vestibulo-ocular reflexe test  having the patient lay down, wearing opposite glasses (Frenzel glasses) asking him to move  his head  in order to identify in which position specific movements occur.

The Doctor can decide to do another check consisting in stimulating the patient’s year with water at different temperatures, activating the part of the ear involved in balance.

The vestibulo-spinal check is carried out using the Romberg test: the patient is upright, the Doctor asks him to open and close his eyes; this test evaluates the number of body oscillations and their direction.

OTOLARYNGOLOGY AMBULATORY TREATMENTS

       In addition to specialistic visits, Otolaryngology, can provide ambulatory treatments for adults and children such as:

  • ear wax removal through ear irrigation
  • freeing maneuvers for positional paroxysmal vertigo

 

OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY INTEGRATED WITH COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE

Through the specialist visit, the Doctor will be able to address  the most adapted therapies to the patient’s issue.

If necessary, he will use specific Biophysical tests that can be carried out in our Center  in order to recommend  the adapted complementary treatments to support conventional therapies.

 

The main purpose is to obtain real improvements in the patient that help him, when possible, quickly and permanently overcome his problem.