High blood pressure is a condition in which force of blood flowing through the blood vessels is consistently too high.
In 90% of cases it is not easy to find the real cause of hypertension. That’s why we talk about predisposing factors, that can promote the appearance of the disease.
In a small percentage of cases hypertension is related to important pathologies overloading the thyroid. The pituitary gland or the adrenal glands.
Therefore it is very important to see a Doctor, because hypertension could hide an underlying pathology.
Concerning the causes, factors like kidney dysfunction (decrease in sodium elimination), genetics, food factors, social and individual stress conditions, sedentary lifestyle, aging and obesity might play a role.
Hypertension (tension at more or as 140/90 mmHG) is a silent pathology, because symptoms rarely show therefore, it is often left undiagnosed. Unfortunately, most of the times hypertension is only diagnosed after a heart attack or other heart problems.
This is the reason why it’s important to measure blood pressure once a year. It is very easy to measure and you should not hesitate in asking your Doctor, the Nurse or the Chemist to do it.
However it’s good to notice that there are symptoms related to high blood pressure like palpitations, flushed face, tinnitus, headaches, nose bleed, leg hitching, sensation of unbalance, dizziness, night sweats, choking sensation, erectile dysfunction and loss of libido.
- Weight loss (even a little weight loss can have a positive effect on blood pressure levels)
- Exercise (at least 15 minutes twice a day for 5 days a week)
- Decrease sodium intake in the diet
- Alcohol abstention or decrease its consumption