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ACNE AND SKIN PROBLEMS

ACNE AND SKIN PROBLEMS

Skin is  the largest “organ” of the body, it is the most exposed to external agents, has  thermoregulatory and protecting functions  and  plays an essential role in the perception of our environment.

It is quite fragile and it can suffer from many pathologies. In addition to visible lesions (like  vesicles blisters, ulcers, erythema, crusts, peeling, spots and scars), skin disorders can have other predominant  symptoms like hitching, pain and burning.

JUVENILE ACNE

It’s an inflammation of the glandular structure connected to the face, arising in teenage years, occurring on the face and both sides of the upper part of the body. It is characterized by the appearance of clinical lesions, like comedones (sebum deposit called “black heads”), papule (small elevation  of the skin not containing pus), pustules (small elevation of the skin and the hair bulb, containing pus), lumps (spherical lesions, involving deeper tissues) and abscesses (pus located in a cavity or tissue), at  different stages.

The disorder is characterized by a cyclical and continuous process, with occasional and seasonal worsening. Acne usually heals by itself around the age of 22 and 25 years old.

The main factors at the origin of acne are:

Genetic predisposition, hormonal factors  (androgen action), qualitative modifications of the sebum component (oily material, produced by the glands to protect the  skin and keep it smooth) and keratin (fibrous protecting  protein in the outer layer of the skin), microbial fiber in the sebaceous  gland.

However, complementary elements like sexual hormones, diet, psychosomatic and chemical factors exist, that can worsen the evolution of the disease.

DERMATITIS CAUSED BY VIRUSES, BACTERIA, PARASITES AND FUNGUS

In this category we find Candida and Impetigo that are caused by streptococcus infection. Among viral forms  there are dermatitis caused by Herpes simplex, Herpes Zoster, Molluscum Contagioso (warts).

DERMATITIS FROM PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL AGENTS

Solar  Erythema, burns, radio-dermatitis are part of this category and also  reactions due to medication and contact dermatitis (contact eczema).

SELF- ATTACK DERMATITIS (autoimmune)

These  pathologies include Systemic Lupus Erythemateous  (SLE), Dermatomyositis and Scleroderma.

As an organ, the skin can have primitive lesions ( see skin cancer) and secondary ones  like  vascular pathologies (varicous ulcers, Raynaud Syndrome) and metabolic (diabetic ulcers).